Among all the courses offered in India, engineering is undoubtedly one of the most popular. Most students take up engineering after completing their 12th grade. But, with the different choices of streams within the course, most students face difficulty making the right choice. This guide is going to help you choose the correct engineering course after 12th that will suit your interests and preferences.
1. Civil Engineering
In civil engineering, scientific and physical principles are applied to the design and construction of buildings and structures. The buildings and structures involve roads, airports, power plants, bridges, sewage systems, and more. The civil engineering works come from different arenas like government, public, private, non-profit organizations, etc. The work profile of a civil engineer will include planning, designing, budgeting, project and asset management, research, and analysis.
2. Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical engineering is a diverse stream of engineering and has the most takers among Indian students. Basically, it involves the study of the motion of systems and objects. Mechanical engineers play a vital role in multiple industries like automotive, aerospace, biotechnology, computers, electronics, microelectromechanical systems, energy conversion, robotics and automation, and manufacturing. The knowledge that a mechanical engineer gains through the course is applied to creating a product or a new system. They deal with multiple products, including heat units, air conditioners, refrigeration units, etc.
3. Electrical Engineering
This particular branch of engineering deals with electrical energy. An electrical engineer’s job is evasive, and they get to work in dynamic environments in different sectors. Electrical engineers design, develop, supervise, and test electrical equipment like motors, radar, navigation systems, etc. Electrical engineers create everything from electric cars to smartphone devices. If you want to become an electrical engineer, you must have a strong affinity for mathematics and physics. To grow and establish yourself as a complete electrical engineer, organizational and managerial skills are a must. The different career options are control engineer, project engineer, test engineer, design engineer, and communication engineer.
4. Computer Science Engineering
Computer science engineering have the biggest takers after 12th grade. The reason behind this is that the job opportunities that computer science engineering bring to the table are quite vast. As lucrative as the engineering stream seems to be, it might not be everyone’s cup of tea. Computer engineering helps aspirants with a curriculum that focuses on developing, prototyping, and testing microchips, circuits, processors, conductors, and any other component used in computer devices or systems. As a computer engineer, you need to improve and develop qualities like analytical thinking, problem-solving, critical thinking, programming, etc. The different career opportunities are computer engineer, computer architecture developer, systems engineer, firmware engineer, etc.
5. Electronics and Communication Engineering
Electronics and communication engineering deals with circuits, electronic devices, communication equipment, basic electronics, analog and digital transmission, etc. The course teaches students how to analyze, implement systems, operate, produce, and maintain various applications in the field of electronics and communications engineering. The electronics and communication engineers are trained in areas such as designing and maintaining satellites, developing advanced communication facilities, and developing various control and communication systems. The different job titles that an electronics and communications engineer can get access to are service engineer, software analyst, field test engineer, customer support engineer, etc.
Read More: Top Courses offered by IITs
Other Engineering Courses After The 12th
1. Aerospace Engineering
Aerospace engineering is one of the most unique courses in engineering and is gaining acceptance and piquing interest among students. The line of study focuses on the design, development, testing, and production of aircraft, spacecraft, and related systems and equipment. They are two branches of engineering that overlap: aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Aerospace engineers have been entrusted with developing technologies that can be utilized for transportation, communications, exploration, and defense applications. In addition, it involves the design and testing of aerospace products, components, and subassemblies, as well as aircraft, spacecraft, propulsion systems, satellites, and missiles. The career opportunities of aerospace engineers can be proactively seen in areas like aerospace product and parts manufacturing, engineering services, navigational, measuring, electromedical, and control instrument manufacturing, etc.
2. Chemical Engineering
Chemical engineering is a discipline involving multiple sectors. Chemical engineering aspirants are given exclusive training in comprehending different experiments and implementing technology to maximize production. Chemical engineers play a key role in synthesis and processing chemicals in various industries. Within chemical engineering, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, electronic device fabrication, and environmental engineering are becoming increasingly important.
3. Biotechnology Engineering
Another innovative course in engineering uses the concepts of both technology and biology to devise new products. It is a line of engineering that has both the fields of chemical engineering and applied biology, and hence it can be called the engineering of living organisms. The scope of study involves microorganisms, bioorganisms, and the cell functions of living organisms. The demand for engineers who have graduated in biotechnology engineering is in fields like medicine, agriculture, waste management, and food production. The job opportunities for a biotechnology engineer are in profiles like biotechnology researcher, quality controller, research biochemist, biotechnologist, clinical researcher, etc.
4. Environmental Engineering
Environmental engineering is a field of engineering that is currently needed with all the climate change happening. This particular line of study focuses on protecting humans from the adverse effects of the environment. Environmental engineers help devise strategies that will help improve the recycling system, pollution control, public health, etc.Environmental engineers employ engineering principles, soil studies, biology, and chemistry to devise effective strategies for addressing environmental challenges.
5. Petroleum Engineering
Petroleum engineering overlaps with multiple disciplines like mechanical engineering, civil engineering, and chemical engineering. The graduates of the petroleum engineering program will be trained to find potential oil and gas fields, oversee drilling operations, implement recovery schemes, and design surface collection and treatment facilities. The wide range of career options that a petroleum graduate has are as follows: oil and gas extraction, educational institutes, enterprise management, coal and petroleum manufacturing, engineering services, process engineering, etc.
Eligibility Criteria for Engineering Courses
The eligibility criteria a student must possess to apply for admission to an engineering course are:
- The candidate must pass 10+2 or an equivalent examination with more than 50% of the aggregate marks. The mark requirement might change with the college you are applying to.
- The mainstream subjects that they have studied in higher secondary school should be physics, mathematics, and chemistry.
- They should clear the entrance examination cut-offs.
Entrance Exams for Engineering Courses After 12th
- IIT JEE and IIT JEE Advanced
- KEAM (Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical Examination)
- COMEDK (Consortium of Medical, Engineering, and Dental Colleges of Karnataka)
- KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test)
- OJEE (Odisha Joint Entrance Examination)
- BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test)
- VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam)
- NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture)
- WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination)
- MHTCET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test)
- AP EAPCET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture, and Pharmacy Common Entrance Test)
Read More: Top 10 Engineering Entrance Exams in India
Top Engineering Colleges in India
- IIT Bombay – Indian Institute of Technology
- IIT Chennai – Indian Institute of Technology
- Indian Institute of Technology (BHU)
- Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST), Trivandrum
- Delhi Technological University
- College of Engineering, Trivandrum
- Indian Institute of Information Technology Design & Manufacturing, Kancheepuram
- National Institute of Technology, Calicut
- Vellore Institute of Technology
- Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University
- RV College of Engineering
- TKM College of Engineering
- The Federal Institute of Science and Technology
- Netaji Subhas University of Technology
If it’s your dream to pursue engineering after Class 12, then it’s required for you to get the best score in your entrance exam, thus getting admission into the top colleges in India. To achieve this and get the best shot at the entrance exam, enroll in Alpha Academy‘s entrance coaching classes. We have been training students for so many years, and we have the best faculty who have been in the field of teaching students for entrance exams. We have unique study material and doubt classes that can help every student put their best foot forward for their exams.